The most common and mild form of traumatic brain injury is a concussion, caused by a blow, blow, or jolt to the head that can alter the way the brain functions normally. Traumatic brain injury can also result from a fall or a blow to the body that causes the head and brain to move quickly back and forth. Symptoms of traumatic brain injury can be mild, moderate, or severe. Concussions are a type of mild traumatic brain injury.
The effects of a concussion can sometimes be serious, but most people recover completely over time. A more severe traumatic brain injury can lead to severe physical and psychological symptoms, coma, and even death. A traumatic brain injury can occur in a fall, a car accident, when the skull is hit by a heavy object, or a collision with an opponent on the playing field. Because the brain is protected in a shock-absorbing fluid and is surrounded by the skull, in most cases, there are no lasting symptoms.
The skull and cerebrospinal fluid are often enough to protect the brain from serious damage. A concussion is usually referred to as mild traumatic brain injury or mTBI. There may be signs of head injury, such as bruises or cuts, or there may be no visible injury. A person does not necessarily faint after a concussion.
Mild traumatic brain injury can affect brain cells temporarily. A more serious traumatic brain injury can result in bruising, tissue tears, bleeding, and other physical damage to the brain. These injuries can lead to long-term complications or death. The mildest form of brain injury is a concussion.
These can be caused by a blow, blow, or jolt to the head or body that causes the brain to move rapidly within the skull. Possible causes are cut injury affecting the olfactory nerve in the cribriform plate, mechanical injury to the nasal bones or sinuses, and contusions of the anterior frontal or temporal lobe. What appears to be a minor injury, a blow to the head can be lethal if the brain bleeds undetected, so it's better to be safe. Mild traumatic brain injury is misleading as a diagnostic term, as it can include a spectrum of manifestations ranging from mild transient symptoms to ongoing disabling problems.
Infants and young children with brain injuries may not be able to communicate headaches, sensory problems, confusion, and similar symptoms. Traumatic brain injury is also the result of penetrating injuries, severe blows to the head with shrapnel or debris, and falls or bodily collisions with objects following an explosion. However, several minors and repeated traumatic brain injuries can lead to the life-changing and potentially debilitating condition known as chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). In moderate traumatic brain injury, there are findings with CT and MRI, including bruising or bruising of the brain and bleeding or bleeding that is sometimes limited to subdural hematoma (blood on the surface of the brain).
Many people who have suffered a major brain injury will experience changes in their thinking skills (cognitive). These problems can cause frustration, conflict, and misunderstanding for people with traumatic brain injury, as well as family members, friends, and health care providers. Treatments for traumatic brain injury depend on many factors, including the size, severity, and location of the brain injury. Sometimes, some or more of these symptoms may persist for a few weeks or months after a traumatic brain injury.
Advanced imaging As mentioned above, today's most advanced imaging techniques allow the detection of radiological evidence of brain injury in mild brain injury. The persistent post-concussion syndrome may result from brain injury or may be partially or totally related to chronic pain, anxiety, or depression. Medical providers may describe a concussion as a “mild traumatic brain injury” because concussions aren't usually life-threatening. Definite signs must be present at the time of head trauma for a traumatic brain injury to be diagnosed.