Treatment may include rest, medication, and surgery. Mild traumatic brain injuries usually don't require treatment other than rest and over-the-counter pain relievers to treat headaches. However, a person with a mild traumatic brain injury usually needs to be closely monitored at home for any persistent, worsening, or new symptoms. You can also have follow-up appointments with your doctor.
People with mild to moderate TBI may only need minimal treatment. Your care may involve a short period of rest from sports, school, or work. Symptoms should improve within a few weeks. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when a sudden external physical attack damages the brain.
It is one of the most common causes of disability and death in adults. TBI is a broad term that describes a wide range of injuries that occur in the brain. Damage can be focal (limited to one area of the brain) or diffuse (occurs in more than one area of the brain). The severity of a brain injury can range from a mild concussion to a serious injury that leads to coma or even death.
Many patients with moderate or severe head injuries go directly from the emergency room to the operating room. In many cases, surgery is done to remove a large hematoma or contusion that significantly compresses the brain or increases pressure inside the skull. After surgery, these patients are under observation in the intensive care unit (ICU). If you have a moderate or severe injury, your doctor will start by stabilizing your injury.
This involves getting oxygen to the brain and body, maintaining blood flow, and controlling blood pressure. These precautions help prevent further damage. You may receive medicine in the hospital or need surgery. A surgeon can repair a skull fracture, stop bleeding in the brain, remove blood clots, or relieve pressure inside the skull.
Sometimes blood clots take time to form and surgery is needed days or weeks after the injury. This 15-point test helps a doctor or other emergency medical personnel assess the initial severity of a brain injury by checking the person's ability to follow instructions and move the eyes and limbs. Additional information and resources to help find the right place for your loved one may also be available through local, state, and national brain injury associations. The specifics of treatment, including type, environment, and duration, depending on the severity of the injury and the area of the brain that was injured.
The depth of the coma and the time a patient spends in a coma vary greatly depending on the location and severity of the brain injury. But there is always a risk that parts of the treatment, such as physical therapy or occupational therapy, will cause new injuries or worsen existing symptoms or injuries if not done correctly. Treatments for traumatic brain injury depend on many factors, including the size, severity, and location of the brain injury. TBIs can cause “massive injury,” an area of localized injury, such as bruising and bruising, that increases pressure within the brain.
Primary brain injury refers to sudden and profound brain injury that is considered more or less complete at the time of impact. Inflammation of tissue from a traumatic brain injury can increase pressure inside the skull and cause additional damage to the brain. For example, if the injury affected the part of the brain involved in speech, you may need speech therapy. Emergency care for moderate to severe traumatic brain injuries focuses on ensuring that the person has enough oxygen and an adequate blood supply, maintaining blood pressure, and preventing any further injury to the head or neck.
A closed brain injury is caused by rapid forward or backward movement and a jolt of the brain inside the bony skull that causes bruising and tearing of brain tissue and blood vessels. However, recovery after brain injury can take place, especially in younger people, since, in some cases, other areas of the brain compensate for injured tissue. Closed brain injuries occur when there is a non-penetrating injury to the brain without rupture in the skull.