How is traumatic brain injury treated?

Treatment may include rest, medication, and surgery. Mild traumatic brain injuries usually don't require treatment other than rest and over-the-counter pain relievers to treat headache. However, a person with a mild traumatic brain injury usually needs to be closely monitored at home for any persistent, worsening, or new symptoms. You can also have follow-up appointments with your doctor.

People with mild to moderate TBI may only need minimal treatment. Your care may involve a short period of rest from sports, school or work. Symptoms should improve within a few weeks. Many patients with moderate or severe head injuries go directly from the emergency room to the operating room.

In many cases, surgery is done to remove a large hematoma or contusion that significantly compresses the brain or increases pressure inside the skull. After surgery, these patients are under observation in the intensive care unit (ICU). If you have a moderate or severe injury, your doctor will start by stabilizing your injury. This involves getting oxygen to the brain and body, maintaining blood flow, and controlling blood pressure.

These precautions help prevent further damage. You may receive medicine in the hospital or need surgery. A surgeon can repair a skull fracture, stop bleeding in the brain, remove blood clots, or relieve pressure inside the skull. Sometimes blood clots take time to form and surgery is needed days or weeks after the injury.

A medical examination is the first step in diagnosing a possible brain injury. The evaluation usually includes a neurological exam. This test evaluates thinking, motor function (movement), sensory function, coordination, eye movement, and reflexes. This is crucial, as a brain that has just suffered a traumatic injury is especially sensitive to mild reductions in blood flow.

The type and duration of rehabilitation are different for each person, depending on the severity of the brain injury and the part of the brain injured. Treatments for traumatic brain injury depend on many factors, including the size, severity, and location of the brain injury. Scientists are studying TBI blood tests, special brain imaging, eye movements and brainwave patterns. When you receive a violent and severe blow to the head, your brain may experience changes in the use of chemicals and energy as a way to compensate for the injury.

People who have had moderate to severe traumatic brain injury are at risk of having seizures during the first week after the injury. TBIs can cause “massive injury,” an area of localized injury, such as bruising and bruising, that increase pressure within the brain. The severity of the head injury is determined by several different factors, such as loss of consciousness, certain neurological symptoms that occurred at the time of the injury, loss of memory of the injury and time around it, and abnormalities in CT of the head or brain MRI. This 15-point test helps a doctor or other emergency medical personnel assess the initial severity of a brain injury by checking the person's ability to follow instructions and move the eyes and limbs.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an alteration in normal brain function that can be caused by a blow, blow or shake to the head, the head suddenly and violently strikes an object, or when an object pierces the skull and enters brain tissue. Hormonal imbalances can occur when certain glands in the body, such as the pituitary gland, become damaged over time as a result of brain injury. Doctors often rely on ICP monitoring as a way to determine if medication or surgery is needed to prevent inflammation from secondary brain injury. People with severe head injury may require surgery to relieve pressure inside the skull, remove damaged or dead brain tissue (especially for penetration of a traumatic brain injury), or remove bruising.

But testing these FDA-regulated medical devices can help healthcare providers rule out some of the most serious brain injuries. Emergency care usually focuses on stabilizing and keeping the patient alive, including ensuring that the brain receives enough oxygen, controlling blood and brain pressure, and preventing further injury to the head or neck. For example, TBI-related brain inflammation in children may be very different from the same condition in adults, even when the primary lesions are similar. .